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Posted byMeow 🐈🐈Meow 🐱🐱 Meow Meow🍺🐈🐱Meow A+!2 years ago
ArchivedStickied post

Hi all,

This post is intended to be a one stop aggregate of content related to the CCNA R&S, new users are encouraged to look through this post before asking these common post topics. Because I'm lazy I'll be copy and pasting relevant sections from other posts as needed :)

Can I use older versions of the study material?

No, at best you'll get basic information but you'll be missing topics, reading about topics you don't need to, and could generally not learn a topic well enough. It isn't worth trying to save money since failing the exam is much more expensive than some new books.

Saying that some video courses are still worth while, CBT nuggets for example has plenty of CCNA related series such as their CCNA packet capture course that is still good info though out of date.


Discount Exams

You can occasionally save some $$$ by buying a discount voucher, a discount voucher is a voucher that is expiring sooner than a ordinary voucher, the less time left the more it is discounted. For example a CCNA voucher with 3 days left might get 50% off.

I have used these sites before and they work well.

www.itexamvouchers.com or www.getcertified4less.com

The Exam Change

CCNA 2.0 is being retired on the following dates:

100-101 ICND1 Last day to test August 20, 2016

200-101 ICND2 Last day to test September 24, 2016

200-120 CCNA Last day to test August 20, 2016

A common misconception is that ICND1 is a prerequisite for the CCNA, it is not. Rather the ICND1 earns the CCENT certification and the CCENT is the prerequisite for the CCNA. This distinction means that you can write the 3.0 ICND2 exam even if you have passed the ICND1 2.0 exam.

Exam topics

100-105 - ICND1 3.0

ICND1 Exam topics

Here is a summary of the changes in the new version:

Removed:

  • RIP is now the sole routing protocol in this exam.

  • IPv6 Dual Stack was removed in favour of transition techologies

  • CEF has been removed from the exam.

Added:

  • High level knowledge of Firewalls, Access Points, and Wireless Controllers

  • Awareness of Collapsed Core architecture

  • Configure and verify IPv6 SLAAC

  • IPv6 Anycast addresses

  • Knowledge of LLDP

  • Troubleshooting DNS and DHCP related connectivity issues

  • Understanding Syslog

  • Device management


200-105 - ICND2 3.0

ICND2 Exam topics

Removed:

  • Frame-Relay (HOORAY!)
  • VRRP and GLBP (BOO!)

Added:

  • Knowledge of IWAN
  • Basic eBGP
  • VPNs: DMVPN, Site to Site, Client VPNs
  • Understanding the Cloud
  • Understanding SDN
  • Using APIC-EM's Path Trace application
  • QoS

200-125 - CCNAX 3.0

Composite 3.0 Exam topics

All in all some pretty fair additions and only a couple questionable removals.

Should you take the composite exam?

The short answer is....no, probably not.

Generally speaking the composite is only for the experienced network professionals who are used to certification exams. It is really meant for convenient switching to the R&S track from say Juniper. Why not take it? It's just considered to be a much more difficult exam because:

It doubles the number of topics you can be tested on, this makes it so you must have mastered everything in the CCNA since it is fair game. This also makes repeat attempts harder since the question pool is large enough that if you do badly on say IP Services, you might instead get a security focus the next time. You have a smaller margin of error: with ICND1 and 2 you can get say...10 questions wrong to pass with the minimum score so you can get 20 questions wrong and still be a CCNA. With the composite you can only get 10 wrong before failing

There is less padding questions, icnd1 may also you 10 subnetting questions but the composite may just ask a couple and move on the next topic. This makes things harder since your more likely to hit a hard question rather than get a few easier ones.

Cisco assumes your a network professional so they may hit harder than with the other exams. Based on my own observations from watching this sub and talking to people, I would say a junior has about a 90% fail rate for the composite and it typically takes them about 3 tries to pass it. Incidentally they also tend to be bitter with Cisco after paying for so many failed exams. Long story short, it isn't worth it, I should also point out that you get the same CCNA no matter what path you take. The only difference is that with the two exam method you get the CCENT as well, which means you can get up to two kitty gifs!

Reading List

Books by Odom and Lammle remain our recommendations for this CCNA version, you should read both to get both perspectives on topics. Generally Odom is considered to be more dry and technical and Lammle is more readable and approachable.

Home Lab

There are two main options for a home lab - physical and virtual. You can also mix and match as needed.

Because of the new version it is recommended to try to use IOS 15 in all your physical gear so you can utilize the modern features that IOS brings to the table. The router models don't matter all that much since features at the CCNA and CCNP level are mostly the same, you also don't need to worry about serial modules nearly as much because serial is a very small topic now.

Model numbers matter with switches though, you should aim to get 3 or 4 Cisco 3560 switches so your lab will last you well past your CCNA R&S studies, though you can pick up a some L2 Cisco 2960 switches if need be.

For virtual you have 3 main options

  • Packet Tracer - a mostly functional emulation tool that meets most of the CCNA requirements, it requires very little resources or technical knowledge but only supports just enough IOS features for you to pass the CCNA.

PT 7.0 is out now and can be gotten for free from Cisco.

  • GNS3 - a functional solution that runs real IOS images, the downside is you need to get your hand on IOS images. It also doesn't have native support for most L2 features.

Here is a blog post I wrote about setting it up end to end:

Mastering GNS3

  • VIRL - this is the most resource heavy option but its benefit is that Cisco provides IOS images to you.

Here is the post I did about VIRL:

Mastering VIRL

Exam Tips

Remember there is no back button so always read the question until you fully understand what it is asking you and you know what technology it is testing you on before answering.

If you can't think of an answer within a minute consider picking the best answer and moving on. You are unlikely to correctly figure out the question after thinking about it for another minute and will likely talk yourself into a wrong answer. You don't have a ton of time in the exam!

For people with a bit more IT experience, remember the context and level of the exam. There are many solutions to problems in the real world and at the end of the day the CCNA doesn't get too deep into topics. Keep the exam topics in mind when answering a question...for example if Cisco asks what device would run BGP? Then the answer would be a router even though most devices can support BGP these days from hosts to servers to firewalls etc. The reason why is the CCNA v3.0 only teaches about basic eBGP on a router so Cisco isn't going to expect you to know that Windows Server can do BGP.

The Best Answer

People also have a lot of issues getting used to the concept of the best answer. Like the BGP scenario above you have to keep the context of the question in mind, a router can indeed use a switch module to act like a switch and a L3 switch can act like a router etc but if they ask what device is best for switching then it will be a switch.

The Cisco Answer

The "Cisco Answer" is something that keeps popping up over and over, and in my opinion is drastically overblown and misunderstood in most cases. Basically it is the claim that Cisco wants you to answer the question their way as opposed to the industry correct answer. Generally this seems to be feed from the pitfalls I mentioned above:

An example of an old Cisco answer was back when other vendors first started supporting CDP and if you were asked if CDP only ran on Cisco you had to decide if Cisco was expecting you to know that polycom phones could do CDP. But generally those types of questions are gone in the R&S track at least (I'm told the wireless track needs more time in the oven)

The other place it comes from is when you are multi vendor and/or have a higher knowledge/experience level then the exam your writing. A simple example might be if they asked you how many link state routing protocols are supported by Cisco, a CCNA will probably say 1, whereas a more advanced candidate may answer 2. But considering CCNA doesn't mention IS-IS then 1 would be the CCNA correct answer. The trick is you have to keep your exam level in mind as your writing it.

Finally there is the obvious actual Cisco answer where if they asked you what OSPF's Administrative Distances is? Now on Cisco it is 110/110/110, on Juniper it is 10/150, and on HPE it is 10/150/150. So in this case they are looking for the Cisco right answer but that only really can affect you if you are multi-vendor.

Question Marks and Tab

Sim's generally have support for the tab and ? but it can be limited if Cisco decides to remove them to make sure you know how to do a task or if they simply just don't fully implement them since the sim is just a flash animation they have to program. It is also worth noting that even if Cisco does give you full functionality, you would still need to know the full commands since Cisco can just straight up ask you syntax questions.

Practice Tests

The Boson practice tests are highly regarded and tend to be of similar difficulty or more difficult than the actual exam.

New topic posts

I'll try to keep this updated as they pop up but here is the current posts that are cover the new topics

What is Metro Ethernet

What is MPLS as a WAN Service

What is BGP?

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44
Posted byMeow 🐈🐈Meow 🐱🐱 Meow Meow🍺🐈🐱Meow A+!2 years ago
ArchivedStickied post

Hi all,

With the exam cutoff looming there have been a ton of questions lately about if people should take the composite exam. The short answer is....no, probably not.

Generally speaking the composite is only for the experienced network professionals who are used to certification exams. It is really meant for convenient switching to the R&S track from say Juniper.

Why not take it? It's just considered to be a much more difficult exam because:

  • It doubles the number of topics you can be tested on, this makes it so you must have mastered everything in the CCNA since it is fair game. This also makes repeat attempts harder since the question pool is large enough that if you do badly on say IP Services, you might instead get a security focus the next time.

  • You have a smaller margin of error: with ICND1 and 2 you can get say...10 questions wrong to pass with the minimum score so you can get 20 questions wrong and still be a CCNA. With the composite you can only get 10 wrong before failing

  • There is less padding questions, icnd1 may also you 10 subnetting questions but the composite may just ask a couple and move on the next topic. This makes things harder since your more likely to hit a hard question rather than get a few easier ones.

  • Cisco assumes your a network professional so they may hit harder than with the other exams.

Based on my own observations from watching this sub and talking to people, I would say a junior has about a 90% fail rate for the composite and it typically takes them about 3 tries to pass it. Incidentally they also tend to be bitter with Cisco after paying for so many failed exams. Long story short, it isn't worth it, I should also point out that you get the same CCNA no matter what path you take. The only difference is that with the two exam method you get the CCENT as well, which means you can get up to two kitty gifs!

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I'm sure plenty of you have been here. I feel like this is for all the marbles. I've been prepping for months, and now I'm down to the last 24 hours. My stomach is in knots. Friends and family all know that tomorrow is the big day. If I fail, I'll have to tell everybody. If I pass, that's fantastic (obviously). But then reality will set in and I'll have to start applying for big boy jobs with big boy responsibilities. But, what if I fail? My local test center doesn't offer another exam until late January. What if I pass and can't find a job in the field? I have a wife and toddler to support. What if I pass, find a job, bring down a production network, get fired, and can never get hired in networking again?

Anyway, I'm sure everything will work out in the end. I'm just a nervous wreck and I had to vent to somebody. Thanks for reading this far.

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Just a quick question on the icnd 1 exam. Would the subnetting be on class c alone or a through c? I'm just curious.

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Hey everyone,

my employer is offering to send me to weekly CCNA R&S training to help in my IT support on-site.

Is there a recommended company/location that offers a once a week training in NYC? I am aware that you can do self training, but I would prefer to have some sort of mentor to bounce questions off.

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This was my second time taking the exam. Took it a few days ago but posting about it now. I feel so good putting this test behind me.

The OCG isnt as bad as everyone says but you definitely need extra materials. I used CBT nuggets and boson. Some questions about specific Cisco products like WSA and AMP you need to read the white papers that boson references on their practice test.

For my next cert I'm not sure if I should look to the CCNP 300-206 or sure up my skills and go for the CCNA CyberOps 210-250. Any advice is welcome.

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Posted byHi Im New58 minutes ago

Hey fellas!

I just wanted to share this video because I love Network Chuck. I watch his stuff when I need some motivation. It gets me hyped to hit the books B)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Azm4woyCNBA&list=WL&index=43&t=0s

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Hi again,

I passed my ICND2 today. I just wanna thank again to all of you that shared tips and provided support to get this achievement. I studied 3 months reading daily using pomodoros (except weekends) and taking notes . This time I only used the Original certification guide,the test exams included with the book , packet tracker and GNS3. I didn't get a great score as when I took the ICND1, but in my opinion ICND2 is relatively harder. Actually, during the exam I thought that I wouldn't be able to pass (especially when 5 questions before finishing the exam and only 14 minutes remaining appeared a simulation). I think I was only able to pass because I did great on the sim questions, so put attention to the troubleshooting chapters.

That's all for now. Good luck!

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Ive read Odom's icnd1 book cover to cover while doing my old packet tracers from netacad whenever i covered relevent chapters.

Recently i took my first Boson Exsim exam and got a 766/1000 and felt kind of overwhelmed seeing some protocols and questions not even mentioned in Odem's book. I decided to also take the practice exam that comes with odom's book and got an 866/1000. Having this be my first Cisco exam im not sure what to expect in terms of final preparation. Are these scores that gauge im well prepared for the real exam and should i worry about the boson topics i cant find in Odem's book?

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5

This is more of a in depth question of logic an interface uses when responding to ARP in a misconfiguration.

So say two devices are setup (incorrectly)

PC1 - 192.168.1.2/24

PC2 - 192.168.1.130/25

PC1 wants to talk to PC2 so since it thinks its on its own network it sends an ARP. PC2 receives it, determines its destined for itself but drops it because the source IP is from another subnet.

How does the logic work on an interface level? I am curious because ARP is technically layer 2 but its being dropped at layer 3. I would assume this is due to logic of device see it being in another subnet and saying "I dont talk directly over layer 2 to you so I wont respond".

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Dear redditors, kindly help me learn on. Is /16 offers you more ip adresses or /19 how your are saying ?

kindly help on

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Hello all! I hope this post is ok here. I had a roadmap planned out for myself of certs to take starting with Security+ then moving onto CCENT/CCNA etc. I saw someone make a post yesterday about CCNA CyberOps making it on to that DoD list for security certs. Should I bother with a security+ cert, or just move on to ccent/ccna? Im only about a week in to my studying for sec+ and I was only doing this to check a box essentially that you might come across in applying for jobs. If it helps in evaluating my specific situation I dont plan on moving from my current job for at least 2 years from now

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I am trying to Enable telnet and ssh using the following Command transport input telnet ssh, I keep Receiving an error I have Included a Picture showing the error. I am using a 2901 Router and 2960 Switch

Image

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I’m in Cisco 1 and 2, and I’m taking a midterm on Friday which is linking two PCs, two switches and two routers together. It involves eigrp and finding the subnets. I’m really lost. How do I do it?

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What bothers me is that I was really nervous, I skipped the first lab by my mistake that contained 4 questions ( i only answered the first part).

Also I had about 4 to 5 questions about VTP which I have no idea except that it is a trunking protocol. All of my answers were random guessing

During the exam I had 1 question only about subnetting which is really annoying because I believe I am really good at subnetting

Exam was much tougher than boson exSim

Any tips? My studying materials was Todd Lammle book Boson ExSim Chris Bryant video

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Posted byCCNA R&S1 day ago

I'm troubleshooting a high CPU utilization problem on one of our WS-C6509 switches. Highest CPU processes are IP input (30%) and ARP input (11%). I'm assuming IP input is the problem. Following the cisco troubleshooting guide for "Troubleshooting High CPU Utilization in IP Input Process", the next step was to find which interface is burdened with traffic by issuing show interfaces switching command. We have over 900 SVIs and 50 used interfaces on this thing, I'm having trouble finding which interface is actually having problems. I modified the output of the command to include spaces on the line that includes "#show interfaces switching | i ( Drops RP )" to find the Route processing drops. One of our interface vlans (SVI) is showing over 80k RP drops and I want to find which one this is. Is there a better way to go about doing this? Thanks for the help.

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Study materials:

OCG, LiveLessons with Kevin Wallace, CBT Nuggets, GNS3, and Boson ExSim. I am also a network admin at a very large school district with over 4400 Cisco switches, some ASRs, ASAs, Nexus 5k/9k, and UCS gear, so I get a lot of practice in a production environment (though I dont use a lot of the ICND2 material on the job).

I have to say, this exam was harder than i thought it would be, and it's not so much because of the technical knowledge/skills required to pass, but because many of the questions were ambiguous and poorly worded (don't get me wrong - you need to know your stuff!). A few of them made no sense to me at all, and I felt like Cisco was intentionally trying to trick me. BUT - those questions made me really dig deep, and I think that's the point of them.

I hope this doesn't violate the NDA, but there were topics on the test that were not covered by any of my study materials, except for the Boson practice exams. I absolutely think the ExSim is worth the money!

However, there are some discrepancies between Boson and the other study materials I used, and I'm not sure Boson had the correct info. For example: Boson says IP SLA default frequency is 30 seconds, OCG (and some folks on Cisco forums) says it's 60. I think there were a few other minor discrepancies, but I can't remember them off the top of my head.

Anyways, thanks for being an awesome community! I'll be happy to answer any questions as long as it doesn't violate the NDA. Now, time to start frequenting /r/ccnp ;)

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Had to take it for my Cisco Networking class, I was extremely nervous at the end because of some of the questions I was presented but I ended up just not being very confident in myself! I was the first one in my class to take it, almost everyone else is waiting until Friday but I'm happy to get it done and over with.

I'm thinking about doing some extra studying outside of my last semester of classes and going for my CCNA now.

Edit: ICND-1, I always mix those two letters up my bad

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I’ve grouped this into 3 posts:

  • ARP Part 1 | ARP Defined
  • ARP Part 2 | Threat Exposure: ARP Spoofing
  • ARP Part 3 | Hardening: Dynamic ARP Inspection

https://packetorbit.net/posts/

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I wanted to thank this sub for all the help and encouragement on this journey that was started as a new year's resolution. Special thanks to Boson whose tests are very exam-like and educational.

I passed first try with a score of 872. I used Odom's book with Boson practice tests. I read through the whole book over the course of 4 months or so, tackling a couple chapters a week. I probably would have been better off if I had smashed the whole book in a month or so, but it was difficult finding the time with a full-time job, wife and small kid. After I finished the book I started the Boson practice tests. I went through on study mode and every question I missed I marked and studied again and again. I did this up until the last week of the exam; I ended up going through all the tests 2x extremely slowly and carefully. I was scoring around 60-65%, so that made me a little nervous to take the cert test. But having taken the ICND1, I knew that Boson was a little more in-depth than the actual exam.

I think I'm going to start learning VMware as there is a need for someone that knows that skill-set at my workplace, however, I'd like to hear what else is in demand out there that a network engineer might benefit from. Cheers!

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Yes, I know about Packet Tracer and GNS3 exist but I am a hands on learner and I just want to play with the stuff in my home physically instead of in a virtual environment. I have spent the last few hours Googling and there is no real consensus and when there is its from stuff that goes back years, prior to the CCENT exam even.. Even searching on ebay for the CCNA does not help as most of their equipment is out of date or if you read the descriptions it flat out lists the exam's prior to the CCENT/105 exam as a guide for their equipment so that makes me dubious of listed equipment...

Is there an official Cisco guide for CCENT/CCNA homelab or if not.. What do yall recommend?

FOR CCENT/CCNA

How many routers do I need? 1 or 3?

How many switches do I need? 1, 2, 3, 5?

What IOS do they need to be on, is it the same for routers and switches?

If it helps, I alr3eady own a Cisco 3560G that work tossed out and said I could keep..

Come on party peoples, lets get this done and hopefully this will help plenty of peeps out here!

A nice breakdown such as you need 2 layer 3 switches, and 1 layer 1 switch, which the xxx model can do, type of list would be HUGE!!

much appreciated

oNe

p.s. also what home rack do yall recommend for all this gear?

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Posted byA+, Net+, Project+, Sec+, CCENT, CCNA2 days ago

I've been studying and attempting to take this test for some time now! After multiple attempts and frustration, I finally did it! The last two attempts I had scores of 800 and 807 and this time I scored an 835, boosting my WAN Technologies score from a 30% to an 80%. To those of you who have failed multiple times and can't seem to get it, keep pushing, keep re-reading the same material, and keep at it.

Materials Used for Studying

Buckle up. Since I've been studying for this exam for about 6 months now, and have attempted to pass it multiple times, I accrued quite the collection. I'll list them from best to worse for me personally.

  1. Boson Exam Simulator - I wasn't using the software correctly for a while; I was just using it to gague where I was in my studies, but not reading the answer descriptor they post, once I started doing that, things started to finally click!
  2. CBT Nuggets - The overly hype cisco guy. Whenever you get bored of reading, hit up CBT Nuggs and this dude will make you excited about networking again and recapture your attention
  3. Todd Lammles book on CCNA - If you're taking the CCENT and CCNA, buy the book that has both of those books combined, it's absolutely amazing. He does such a good job covering all of the test topics and explaining them in a way you can understand quickly. Also I used the ACE practice test software that came with that book for some harder flashcards/quizzes/different practice tests.
  4. 31 Days before CCNA - For this particular test, it's only from like day 22 or 23 to day 0 since the book is written for the composite. It's an awesome way to get everything in a concise manner. I used this for a solid review.
  5. Boson NetSim - I used it for a few of the topics that I needed hands on stuff to really get it, but I didn't love the software because it was incredibly time consuming and I felt like I didn't retain a whole lot of it. This is certainly personal preference though because I know alot of people love this software.
  6. Odoms Official Study Guide through uCertify - Dry and long, couldn't stay focused for more than an hour. Used it for topics I couldn't understand from any of the other resources though.

Lessons Learned

Patience. Alot of it. -- I'm a very poor test taker, and this test is designed for us who are poor test takers to be even worse test takers. I knew the materials, I studied so incredibly much, and yet I still was just not getting passed the mark to pass this beast. I eventually studied on how to take the test more effectively (nothing specific, just a google search and some article reading) and learned I needed to slow down and focus some more on the actual exam. For instance, they will throw a curveball and ask what the function of something is and list the definition, and since you know the definition, not the specific function you automatically click that and smash the next button.

Not to give up. -- It took me five attempts to finally pass on the 6th attempt. It was expensive, humiliating, and painful. There were many days where I thought, it's not worth it anymore, this is getting way too expensive, maybe I should change my career trajectory, etc. But, when you set yourself on completing something until you get the results you are looking for, you seem to push a little harder each time.

How to study more effectively -- I learned alot about my study style and habits. I would often grab my laptop and sit on the couch with my wife while we did our separate things, or sit at the dining room table and study. I learned that I need to be in the office with the door shut, with some instrumental music going so I can be fully involved in my studies with zero distractions. This may look like a library for some of you, or a coffee shop, etc. Also, I discovered doing the 25 minutes on and 5 minutes off was super effective.

Now What?

I'm really enjoying my job currently, so I intend on pursuing CCNA Security and getting done with my degree before actively applying for jobs that require CCNA. Good luck guys, don't give up! I hope this write up helps somebody!

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Hi everyone,

I've created a video that explains the TCP/IP model. It covers differences from the OSI model, why there are sometimes four layers, and sometimes five, and what RFC's are.

If you're studying for CCNA, I hope this helps you.

https://youtu.be/HFRU01uS9nA

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Posted byCCNA R&S1 day ago

Hey all,

Has anyone ever used Boson's ExSim for CCNA Collaboration? I am asking because I've been taking the practice tests for CICD 210-060 and have been scoring in the 700s using simulation mode. Given the reputation for these practice exams being harder than the real test, I am feeling confident as I scored in this same range for the CCNA R&S practice exam before sitting for the real thing and ended up passing with a pretty good score. However, there is not much in the way of reviews or posts about the CCNA Collaboration in general and I don't want my (potential) overconfidence to be my downfall.

Thanks and happy studying!

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so work has incentivised us in getting cisco RSTECH and passing the 640-692 test. i was wondering what study materials i can use while i wait for my turn and maybe turn it into the CCNA at a later date thanks

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I'm ecstatic to say the least. I want to thank this community for their insights, stories, and support. I graduated in 2017 with a computer science degree and a few IT minors but I never had the time to study until recently. I passed with a 971/1000. I studied for about three months but I had to balance work and studying so there were times where I couldn't study for several days due to work requirements. My main resources for studying included Cisco Net Acad (courses "Introduction to Networking" and "Routing and Switching essentials"), Boson practice tests, and some reading of Cisco networking documentation.

What I learned/ My Advice: In hindsight, I probably should have used at least one more resource because I definitely encountered some unfamiliar topics. What saved me were the fundamentals of test taking: understand and READ the question fully, eliminate unlikely answers, apply what you do know about the question even if you're not familiar with what it is asking, select the best choice, and pace yourself. I also had the advantage of having a technology background, but having a good test taking strategy is critical to be successful. This is what makes the Boson tests useful: they're good for practicing pacing, following good test taking techniques, and to fill some knowledge gaps. Other than doing practice tests and despite what resources are used, if you thoroughly cover all of the ICND1 topics posted by Cisco and do hands-on training in your studying (at least with a net sim like PT) then you'll be set to pass this exam. Happy Holidays everyone!

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Study materials and progress signs:

-Cisco Learning Network Course ICND1 with Labs. Have done all the labs twice, approx 32 labs. Pretty confident in them now. -Boson Exam Sims, averaging 600 in most exams on first attempt. -Watching Crist Bryant vidoes to keep the knowledge fresh until exam day.

What am I missing? What can I do to increase my chances of success?

First attempt score in 2017 was 749. Back then, I was very unfamiliar with Cisco technologies.

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Meow 🐈🐈Meow 🐱🐱 Meow Meow🍺🐈🐱Meow A+!
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